Where Do Opossums Live? [Nests, Habitat & Geography]

Opossums are among the primitive mammals of the earth and have been available here since the time of dinosaurs. They are very small in size but play a very crucial role in the balance of the ecosystem. They have a wide distribution and can be found in various habitats throughout North, Central, and South America. In North America, you can find opossums from southern Canada down to Mexico. They are adaptable animals and can thrive in a variety of environments, including forests, woodlands, grasslands, urban areas, and suburban neighborhoods.

However, if you want to find out where do opossums live or about the opossum nest or den then you need to go through this article in a very comprehensive manner. By reading this article, you will also get to know about the haunts and the habits of opossums.

Where do opossums live, habitat, nests

What is an opossum?

An opossum is a marsupial mammal that belongs to the family Didelphidae. Opossums are native to the Americas and are known for their distinctive features and behaviors. Opossums are primarily nocturnal animals, meaning they are most active during the night. They have adapted to a nocturnal lifestyle, with keen night vision and other sensory adaptations. They are opportunistic feeders and have a varied diet.

Opossums have a long, hairless, and prehensile tail, which means they can use it to grasp and hold onto objects like branches. They are typically solitary animals, except during the breeding season when they come together for mating. Opossums come with a pointed snout, long whiskers, and sharp teeth. They have a generally grayish-brown fur coat, with a white face and pink nose. Their ears are hairless and rounded.

Where do opossums live?

Where do opossums live? On the trees and ground

Opossums live in a wide range of habitats throughout the Americas. Their distribution varies depending on the species. There are numerous species of opossums, and their specific habitat preferences can vary. While some are more arboreal and tree-dwelling, others are ground-dwelling.

Opossums are highly adaptable and can adjust to the available resources and conditions in their respective habitats. They are known for their ability to survive in a wide range of environments, which has contributed to their widespread distribution across the Americas.

Which Habitats Do Opossums Prefer?

Some of the most common habitats where opossums prefer to live are explained below.

Woodlands and Forests

Opossums are often found in wooded areas, including deciduous and coniferous forests. They use their prehensile tails to navigate through trees and find food.


Opossum habitat in the grassland

In more open habitats like grasslands and prairies, opossums can also be found. They may use burrows or dens in the ground for shelter.


Opossums are sometimes found in wetland areas, such as marshes and swamps. They are good swimmers and can move through water when necessary.

Urban and Suburban Areas

Opossums are highly adaptable and can thrive in human-altered environments. They are frequently seen in suburban neighborhoods, scavenging for food in garbage cans and other urban areas.


Opossums can be found in agricultural areas, where they may take advantage of crops and the presence of small rodents as a food source.


Some opossum species, like the Virginia opossum, are known to inhabit arid regions, including deserts in North and Central America.

Tropical Rainforests

In parts of Central and South America, opossums inhabit dense tropical rainforests, where they feed on a variety of fruits, insects, and other forest resources.

Do Opossums Burrow?

Opossums are not primarily burrowers

Opossums are not known for extensive burrowing like some other animals, such as moles or groundhogs. However, they are opportunistic and may occasionally use existing burrows or dens for shelter. Opossums often seek out natural cavities or hollows in trees or logs as shelter. They may use these spaces to rest during the day or to rear their young. Their prehensile tails help them navigate these tree cavities.

Opossums are not primary burrowers, but they may occupy burrows created by other animals, such as rabbits or groundhogs. They do not dig these burrows themselves but will opportunistically use them for safety and protection. Opossums are known for their ability to find shelter in various ground-level locations, such as brush piles, dense vegetation, or under buildings or decks. They may use these areas for cover during the day.

Overall, opossums are generally nomadic and do not have permanent dens. They may move from one sheltered location to another, depending on food availability and environmental conditions.

Where Do Opossums Nest?

An opossum in its nest in the farms

Opossums do not build nests in the same way that some other animals, such as birds, do. Instead, they rely on various types of shelter to protect themselves and their young. When it comes to rearing their young, female opossums typically carry and nurse their offspring in a pouch located on their abdomen.

After the young opossums become more developed, they will cling to their mother’s back. The mother may seek shelter to protect her young until they are old enough to venture out on their own. Some common places where opossums may seek shelter and raise their young are given:

Tree Hollows

Opossums often use natural tree hollows or cavities as shelter. Their prehensile tails help them climb into these hollows in trees, where they may create a nest of leaves, grass, or other materials.

Brush Piles

Opossums sometimes take refuge in brush piles, leaf litter, or thick vegetation on the ground. These natural coverings offer protection and camouflage.

Under Buildings or Decks

Opossums are known for seeking shelter under structures like houses, sheds, decks, and porches. They may access these areas through gaps or openings.

Nest Boxes

Opossums may occasionally use nest boxes or man-made shelters if they are available in the area. This is more common in urban or suburban environments.

Abandoned Buildings

In urban and suburban areas, opossums might find shelter in abandoned buildings or structures.

What Does an Opossum Nest Look Like?

An opossum living in its tree nest in winter.
An opossum in its tree nest in winter.

Opossums do not build traditional nests like birds or some mammals do. They are opportunistic and adaptable creatures that seek shelter in a variety of places, but they typically do not create elaborate structures for nesting. However, when they do find shelter, they may create a simple nesting area using available materials.

Opossums often use soft materials like leaves, grass, moss, and even shredded insulation if they’ve taken refuge in an attic or crawl space. These materials create a somewhat comfortable and insulated space. In natural settings or when occupying burrows or hollow trees, opossums might simply curl up in a snug spot within these structures. They may not add any nesting materials in these cases.

Opossum nests are generally minimalistic and not as well-constructed as those of birds or some other mammals. They focus on creating a secure, hidden area for rest and protection rather than building intricate nests. Opossums prefer sheltered and hidden locations, whether it’s in a tree cavity, an abandoned burrow, or an attic. The nest is designed to keep them safe from predators and the elements.

Overall, opossums are known for their nomadic and adaptable nature. They do not build permanent nests and may change their den sites regularly.

Do opossums live underground?

Opossums do not typically live underground in the same way that some other animals, like moles or groundhogs, do. Instead, opossums are more likely to seek shelter in above-ground locations or structures. some common places where you might find opossums seeking shelter are tree hollows, abandoned burrows, dense vegetation cover, abandoned buildings, and structures.

Do opossums live in groups?

Opossums are generally solitary animals, and they do not form permanent social groups or live in packs like some other mammals. They are solitary by nature and tend to roam and forage alone.

Frequently asked questions

Opossums are primarily native to the Americas, and they are most commonly found in North and South America. Their range extends from the southern United States through Central America and into parts of South America.

Opossums do not give birth to their young in traditional nests like birds or some other mammals. Instead, they have a unique reproductive process. Female opossums have a pouch, similar to marsupials like kangaroos and wallabies. The pouch is located on the abdomen, and it opens toward the rear. It’s within this pouch that the female opossum carries and nurses her young.

Opossums are primarily found in the Americas, but they are not exclusive to the United States. They are native to the Americas, and their range extends beyond the United States to other countries.


Opossums are remarkable creatures known for their adaptability and ability to thrive in a wide range of environments, from the dense forests of North and South America to urban backyards and farmlands. While they may not be the most glamorous or well-understood animals, opossums play crucial roles in the ecosystems they inhabit. Opossums are quintessentially American, with a range that spans from Canada to Argentina.

Some opossum species face challenges due to habitat loss and other human impacts. Understanding where do opossums live and their ecological importance can encourage conservation efforts to protect their habitats and populations.

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