Bobcat Dens | What Does A Bobcat Den Look Like?

Bobcats are very secretive and stealthy animals. That’s why there is not a lot of information available about their dens. However, one thing is clear the bobcats live in a protected place where they can rest, sleep, and play. Bobcats choose the location of their den by considering special factors like the availability of food and protection from predators. In this article, we will let you know very interesting facts about bobcat dens. Stay tuned.

A bobcat duo at their den
Bobcat duo at their den.

Do bobcats dig dens?

Yes, bobcat dig dens. However, it depends on some factors that how deep and where they dig these dens. They dig den where they think it is most favorable for them. Most of the time, they choose the place which lies underground. It has been observed that the natal dens of the bobcats are usually very deep and quite spacious.

They make dens for various purposes like resting, sleeping, storing food, and being protected from their predators. If they dig very deep but shallow dens, these are mostly utilized for sleeping purposes. Sometimes, they also like to occupy the dens of other animals which have been left abandoned for a very long period.

Where do bobcats dig their dens?

There are several places where bobcats can choose their dens. Most prominent among these places are tree stumps, rocks, and caves. They like to have multiple dens in their local habitat. Dens are extremely important for the survival of bobcats as it provides them protection against predators and it is also a good storing place for food.

The survival of the bobcat’s next generation also relies on the maintenance of these dens. These dens are utilized by the female bobcats for the nourishing of their kitten. Kitten bobcats might die if they are not provided with a suitable environment in the dens.

Some common bobcat dens in the wilderness

Bobcat in its rocky den for protection against snowfall
Bobcat in its rocky den for protection against snowfall.

Bobcats make dens for several purposes. They don’t just need protection from their predators. They also need some places to keep themselves safe from harsh weather conditions like heavy rain, thunderstorms, and lightning strikes. It means bobcats choose the location of their dens very wisely by considering all the factors, especially harsh weather factors.

After going through all these factors, they mainly like to make their living place in the rock formations and caves. These places are their top priorities for making dens as these places meet all the needs of bobcats that they expect from their resident place. Let’s have a look at some of the most prominent locations they choose for their dens in the wilderness.


Caves are the favorite places for bobcats to make their dens. It is the perfect place for a den as it provides them with all the necessary things they need in the den. It is the perfect place for protection against predators and environmental hazards.

Caves are easily accessible for the bobcats as they roam around places like mountain regions and forests. There is also an abundance of bobcat populations in desert-type regions. In the places like deserts, they could also easily access caves for den purposes.


Rocks are impenetrable. That’s why rocks are ideal for protection against environmental hazards. Rocks are also considered the best hiding place as it is extremely difficult to find out the exact location of bobcats in the rock formations. You might walk there but don’t notice any presence of bobcats in the rocks.

Bobcat den in the rock formations also keeps them away from the dangers of the wilderness. Rocks are the second favorite place for the bobcats to make dens after caves. Bobcats could also make cave-like environments in rock formations. Many times, bobcats try the steal the dens of other animals in the rocks.


bobcat den in a tree log
Bobcat den in a tree log.

Trees are also among the suitable locations for the bobcats to make dens. Fallen trees in the forests are excellent places for bobcats to make dens. There is also one thing you must keep in mind not all fallen trees are suitable for making dens.

Bobcats only prefer to make dens where they find a cluster of fallen trees or stumps of trees. Bobcats are also capable of climbing trees. They climb trees for protection against predators, to hide from human activity, or for sleeping purposes. They also make a den if they find any tree suitable for this purpose.

How to find bobcat dens?

Some signs such as urine and feces markings indicate the presence of bobcats in any location. Moreover, if you notice a lot of claw marks in the surrounding area then you must be damn sure about the bobcat den in any nearby area.

You might see several claw marks on the nearby trees as they are habitual to doing this kind of activity on trees. Trees are actually among the places where they spend most of their free time. They also like leaving their prey on the way by eating as much as possible.

These could be good signs of the presence of bobcats in the area. Nowadays, they are also making proper latrines outside their dens for relieving themselves. It could also be a good sign of the bobcat’s presence in the area.

Why do bobcats mark their territory?

Like other wild animals, bobcats also adopt some strategies which are good for their survival. The marking of the territory is also one of these things. By marking, they can specify their territory and let others know don’t cross this line. It is also good to memorize the exact location of your home. Bobcats also like to have multiple dens in their territory. Thus, the marking habit keeps them safe and saves them time to find out the exact location of the den in any specific area.

Is it necessary to have a den for the protection of kittens?

Kittens of bobcats looking out from their home
Bobcat family in their home.

Yes, it is damn necessary to have a den for the nourishment as well as protection of kittens, especially during the early stages of their life. Female bobcats especially build these kinds of dens before giving birth. These dens have been specifically named maternity or natal dens.

They don’t only have one such den but multiple dens as they have to move with their mother in search of food from one area to another. Multiple dens are extremely necessary for this purpose due to the critical condition of kittens in the early days and female bobcats occasionally migrate from one area to another by judging the availability of food and environmental hazards in any specific area.

What does a bobcat den look like?

Bobcats like to make several dens in various locations of their territories. The most prominent places for making den are caves, rocks, and fallen trees. The main or you can say natal den they make is in the caves or rock formations. They also like to make dens in a cluster of hollowed-out fallen trees.

Sometimes, they might occupy the abandoned earthen burrows and beaver lodges as their own den. They do as little digging as possible for this purpose. But you can feel the strong odor of urine at the entrance of their den. Moreover, there would be a lot of marking signs even inside the dens. Source.

Frequently asked questions

There are several places where bobcats can make dens. However, the most favorable places for a bobcat’s den are rock formations, crevices in canyon walls, caves, boulder piles, trees, and thickets. You can recognize the bobcat den by a very strong urine odor emanating from it. They use their dens for various purposes like protection against predators, raising kittens, and storing food.

Bobcats prefer to make dens in places like rocks, and caves. Nevertheless, you can also find their dens in hollow logs and trees. Sometimes, they also occupy the dens of other animals which have been abandoned by other animals. They don’t like to dig deep. That’s why you will see very shallow and spacious dens of bobcats.

Bobcats come out from their dens and roam around in their area in search of food. Sometimes, they have to travel a lot in search of food. That’s why they make multiple dens on their way to stay anywhere they think suitable. There is a difference in the traveling of male and female bobcats. Female bobcats don’t like to travel a lot. They can go as far as 10 square miles while male bobcats can go as far as 60 square miles.


Bobcat den is a very unique place. There are very few people who are aware of the actual features of bobcat dens due to less availability of information. We have resolved this problem once and for all by writing a very comprehensive article and highlighting all the prominent features of bobcat’s den. I hope this article helps you a lot and you can also ask if there are any queries in your mind.

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