Coydog: Coyote Dog Mix – Can Coyotes Breed with Dogs?

The coydog is a hybrid animal of coyote and dog. Both of its parents belong to the canid family. That’s why the coydog is also called a Canid hybrid animal. It procreates due to crossbreeding and it also exhibits the features of both of its parents. The temperament of the coydog varies from its parent animals. That’s why all the Coydog keepers need to learn how to tame these animals. Normally, pet-keeping people could not keep these dogs as they could not understand the natural instincts of these canines.

Coydogs have a very rare presence in the North American continent but they have gained their importance after the Coywolf hybrid. Sometimes people also intermix Coydogs with the Coywolves but there are very clear differences exist between these species. In this article, we are going to explore in detail the intriguing world of coydogs (coyote dog mix) and let you know the reality of these dogs.

Coydog – Coyote Dog Mix

What is Coydog?

Coydog is a hybrid animal that is known for its various names like Dogote, Coydog, coyote dog mix, coyote and dog hybrid, etc. Coydogs typically exhibit a mix of physical and behavioral characteristics from both parent species. The specific traits can vary depending on the individual animals and the genetic makeup they inherit from their parents. Generally, they are intermediate in size between coyotes and domestic dogs and may display a blend of colorations and markings. let’s have a look at some of the most prominent physical and social features of Coydogs.

Height22-27 inches
Weight60-120 pounds
Life span5-15 years
TraitsSmart, energetic, hybrid, unsocial
Common issuesDysplasia, arthritis, dental issues
Common namesCoydog, coyote and dog hybrid, Dogote,

Temperament and behavior of coydogs

Coydogs, being a mix of domestic dogs and coyotes, can exhibit a wide range of temperaments and behaviors, which can be unpredictable due to their genetic diversity. Their behavior is actually influenced by the traits of both dogs and coyotes. Coydogs are generally shy and aloof around humans. They may not readily approach or seek attention from people, particularly strangers. They have a heightened sense of alertness and may be easily startled by sudden movements or loud noises.

They can also exhibit territorial behaviors same as coyotes and dogs by marking their territory with scent markings. Due to their coyote lineage, coydogs have strong hunting instincts. They may have a strong prey drive, making them potentially dangerous to small animals and pets.

Coydogs are often intelligent animals, inheriting problem-solving abilities from both their dog and coyote parentage. They are primarily nocturnal, and this trait may carry over to coydogs. They may be more active during the twilight hours. Coydogs may vocalize differently from domestic dogs, sometimes displaying coyote-like howls, yips, or barks.

It’s important to note that individual variation is significant in coydogs, and their temperament can be influenced by factors such as early socialization, environment, and specific genetic traits inherited from their parents. Due to the unpredictability of their behavior and potential challenges in managing them, as mentioned earlier, keeping a coydog as a pet is generally not recommended for the average pet owner.

Also Read: Coyote vs Rottweiler

What are the main ingredients of the Coydog diet?

Main ingredients of the Coydog diet

The diet of a coydog is similar to that of its wild counterparts, coyotes. Being a hybrid of domestic dogs and coyotes, their dietary needs may be more diverse, but they generally have a carnivorous diet with some omnivorous tendencies. The main components of a coydog’s diet are smaller prey like rodents, rabbits, mice, rats, birds, fish, insects, fruits like berries, and vegetables, and they may also scavenge on human food waste.

Health issues interlinked with Coyote dog mix

Coydogs, being hybrids of domestic dogs and coyotes, can inherit health issues from both parent species. Additionally, their genetic diversity can lead to a unique set of health concerns. They may also have reproductive and developmental issues. Some of the potential health issues that coydogs may face are genetic disorders due to the combination of genes from two different species, coydogs are also at risk of contracting various parasites, including ticks, fleas, and internal worms, they may also experience dental issues, such as dental decay and gum diseases, and might experience difficulties with reproduction due to the genetic differences between domestic dogs and coyotes.

Common differences between coydog and coywolf

Differences between coydog and coywolf
Coydog – Example

Coydogs and coywolves are hybrid animals resulting from the interbreeding of coyotes with domestic dogs or grey wolves, respectively. However, some distinctions exist between these animals.

  • A coydog is a hybrid resulting from the mating of a coyote with a domestic dog. On the other hand, Coywolf is a hybrid resulting from the mating of a coyote with a grey wolf.
  • Coydogs display a mix of physical and behavioral characteristics from both species, such as an intermediate size between coyotes and dogs, and a blend of coat colorations and markings. On the other hand, Coywolves are believed to have a higher proportion of wolf genes than coydogs, resulting in more wolf-like physical and behavioral traits.
  • Coydogs are not considered a distinct species and are generally rare in the wild. Like coydogs, coywolves are also not a separate species but rather a hybrid population.
  • In regions where grey wolves and coyotes coexist, there is a greater opportunity for hybridization between the two species.

The occurrence of these hybrids in the wild is relatively uncommon, and the resulting offspring may have varying degrees of genetic influence from their parent species, leading to a wide range of appearances and behaviors.

Controversy regarding coydogs

Crossbreeding between animals has always been a controversial thing and it has been happening throughout the centuries. Many breeders used to crossbreed between different kinds of animals to get a good hybrid animal. Crossbreeding is still being done for various reasons. There are also a lot of controversies interlinked with crossbreeding. For instance, the resulting hybrid could get some health-related problems from one of their parents. The Hybrid animals are also not as smart as the original breed and it could lead to conflict with human beings,

How does the crossbreeding of the coyote and dog happen?

Crossbreeding of the coyote and dog

The mating season of the coyote and dogs don’t match at all. Mating rarely happens between these animals. Dogs mainly procreate their pups in the winter season while the coyote mate in January and give birth in the month of May and June. Sometimes dogs breed a lot and they do it almost three times a year and their mating time also matches the mating time of the coyotes. In this case, the hybrid coyote dog breeds.

Is it legal to own a coydog?

The legality of owning the coydog varies from one location to another. Several coydog breeders exist in various states of the USA but they need to maintain certain rules and regulations for keeping these animals for the long term. There are also certain pet ownership rules in serval states which are almost the same in every state. However, one important thing in this regard is that if you have already kept the animals like Coywolf or other hybrid animals, then there is no need to take extra permission for keeping animals like Coydog.

Is it safe to keep Coydogs?

Is it safe to keep Coydogs

It is technically possible to keep a coydog as a pet, but it is generally not recommended due to various safety concerns and legal considerations. Coydogs are not fully domesticated animals. They retain many wild instincts from their coyote parent, making them more unpredictable and potentially dangerous than typical domestic dogs. They can also exhibit aggressive behaviors, especially if they feel threatened or scared. In many places, keeping a coydog as a pet is illegal or heavily regulated due to concerns about potential threats to public safety and local ecosystems.

These dogs may not socialize well with other dogs or pets, and their presence could be disruptive to the surrounding environment. You must have a secure and robust enclosure to prevent escape and protect them from dangers outside. It can be challenging and costly to create an appropriate living environment for them. Caring for a coydog requires specialized knowledge and experience that most pet owners do not possess. Veterinarians with expertise in wild animals may be required, and finding appropriate resources can be difficult. Given these concerns, it is best to avoid keeping coydogs as pets and instead consider adopting a fully domesticated dog from a reputable shelter or breeder.

How to tame coydogs?

How to tame coydogs

Taming coydogs can be a challenging and risky endeavor. As wild animals, coydogs retain many of the instincts and behaviors of their coyote parent, making them less predictable and more challenging to handle compared to fully domesticated dogs. Nevertheless, if you find yourself in a situation where you encounter a young coydog that needs help or intervention, here are some general guidelines to follow:

Safety First

Always prioritize your safety and the safety of others. Do not attempt to tame or approach an adult coydog in the wild, as they may view you as a threat and could react aggressively.

Local wildlife authorities

If you come across a young and seemingly abandoned coydog pup, your first step should be to contact local wildlife authorities or animal rescue organizations with expertise in handling wildlife. They can assess the situation and provide appropriate care for the animal.

Expert Assistance

Taming a wild animal requires specialized knowledge and experience. Seek help from professionals who have experience in rehabilitating and socializing wild animals or hybrids.

Early Socialization

If a young coydog is to be raised in captivity, it needs to be done from a very early age. Early socialization with humans and domestic animals may help mitigate some of their wild instincts.

Ethical Concerns

Consider the ethical implications of attempting to tame a wild animal or hybrid. Wild animals belong in their natural habitats, and interfering with them can lead to unintended consequences for both the animal and the ecosystem.

Interesting facts about the Coydogs

Let’s have a look at some of the interesting and unique facts about the Coydogs.

  • Coydogs always procreate when crossbreeding happens between the male coyote and female dogs.
  • It is very often that you will confuse these hybrid dogs with other hybrid species like wolf dogs or Coywolves.
  • It is not everywhere legal to keep these wild dogs or do crossbreeding freely.

Frequently asked questions

Yes, coyotes and domestic dogs can interbreed and produce offspring known as coydogs. Coyotes and domestic dogs belong to the same genus, Canis, and can produce viable offspring because they are closely related species. Both are part of the Canidae family, which includes wolves and other canids. Interbreeding typically occurs in areas where coyotes and domestic dogs overlap, such as rural and suburban environments. However, it is more likely to happen with free-roaming or feral dogs rather than with well-cared-for, confined domestic dogs.

No, coydogs do not make good pets. There are several reasons why keeping a coydog as a pet is not recommended. For instance, they may show some wild instincts, aggressive behavior, social challenges, complex enclosure requirements, and legal restrictions.

Determining if your dog is a coydog can be challenging, especially without knowing the dog’s breeding history or parentage. Coydogs can exhibit a wide range of appearances and behaviors, which can vary based on the percentage of coyotes and dog genetics they inherit. However, there are some signs like vocalizations, physical traits, hunting plus running habits, which indicate the general behavior of Coydogs.


As we have explored in this blog, coydogs are the result of a unique mix of genetic traits, combining the characteristics of both domestic dogs and coyotes. While the idea of having a coydog as a pet might intrigue some, it is crucial to recognize that these hybrids are not suitable pets. Their wild instincts inherited from coyotes make them unpredictable and potentially dangerous.

The challenges of properly caring for and socializing coydogs, along with the legal restrictions in many areas, emphasize the importance of respecting the boundaries between wild and domesticated animals. The concept of coydogs also raises ethical considerations, as it involves interbreeding wild animals with domesticated ones. We must prioritize the conservation of wildlife and the preservation of natural ecosystems.

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